全球农业一周资讯 - XXVIII

来源:By Eric Zhang     2023-01-17 12:38:32

全球农业一周资讯

1. 加拿大和萨斯喀彻温省政府投资1760万加元用于作物研究

1月11日,加拿大农业和农业食品部长和萨斯喀彻温省农业部长宣布将为2023年作物相关研究提供总额1760万美元的资金。正受资助的个别研究项目包括探索镰刀菌物种多样性对豆类作物的影响、营养均衡的豆类油籽蛋白饮料等。


2. 阿根廷政府启动3500亿美元总投资支持家禽和生猪生产商

1月12日,阿根廷宣布了一项针对家禽和生猪的集约化生产计划,决定对11月28日至12月30日期间为育肥动物购买的饲料给予30000美元/吨的补偿,目的是弥补生产者在出口增长计划第二个窗口期购买豆类或其副产品时产生的价格差异。


3. 乌克兰将考虑尼日利亚关于建设粮食和食品配送物流中心的建议

1月12日,乌克兰农业政策和粮食部代表团访问非洲期间,在与尼日利亚外交部长、尼日利亚农业与农村发展部长会晤后表示,乌克兰将考虑尼日利亚联邦共和国提出的一项建议,即建立一个旨在运送粮食和食品的物流中心。

 4. 印度政府将于4月1日起停止根据关税配额进口大豆原油

1月11日,印度政府表示,已决定从今年4月1日起停止根据关税配额进口大豆原油。印度对外贸易总署在一份公告中表示2023-24年不再分配进口大豆原油的关税配额,此前的免税配额是2000万吨大豆原油,目前该配额仍适用于葵花籽原油。


5. 美国对墨西哥的生物技术玉米禁令“绝不妥协”

1月13日,美国农业局联合会第104届大会的代表们补充了一项政策,要求美国农业部继续与墨西哥政府合作,取消对使用过生物技术和特定除草剂种植的玉米的进口禁令。据悉,墨西哥是美国玉米的主要进口国,其中90%是生物技术玉米。


6. 我国研究人员鉴定水稻落粒性调控新基因SH11

中国农业大学朱作峰课题组联合非洲水稻中心的研究团队通过图位克隆从非洲栽培稻中鉴定到一种编码MYB转录因子的落粒性调控新基因OgSH11。SH11的鉴定不仅为非洲栽培稻种子落粒性改良提供了新的靶点,也为脱落层发育的分子机制提供了新见解。


7. 我国研究人员揭示水稻卷叶基因SRL10协同调控耐热性

中国水稻研究所研究团队克隆了同时调控水稻株叶形态建成与产量、耐热性的相关的双链RNA结合蛋白编码基因SRL10,并揭示其与过氧化氢酶CATB互作、协同调控水稻耐热性的分子机制,鉴定了SRL10在水稻中具优异耐热性的等位变异。


8. 加州大学研究团队使用纳米囊泡递送dsRNA提高植物抗病性

加州大学滨河分校研究团队研究发现通过使用人造纳米囊泡(AVs)包裹dsRNA ,可以克服SIGS中的dsRNA不稳定性,有效防止核酸酶降解和被叶片冲洗去除,提高对收获前和收获后植物材料的对抗灰孢杆菌的保护时间。


9. 我国研究人员鉴定水稻抗倒伏性和穗支数候选基因qSCM4

中国研究人员通过分子标记和精细定位筛选鉴定了水稻抗倒伏性和穗支数候选基因qSCM4,为研究水稻抗倒伏性分子调控机制和培育高产优良品种提供了理论依据。


10. 中国要求屠宰企业帮助稳定生猪价格

中国最高规划机构已要求屠宰企业增加商业生猪库存,以帮助恢复市场需求,并推高低迷的生猪价格。国家发展和改革委员会(NDRC)表示,如果需要,将及时采取措施,如增加肉类储备,以促进生猪市场的稳定。


11. 天气变化将无法挽救阿根廷农作物的生长季节

南美洲阿根廷和巴西南部天气持续干燥。在更远的北方,降水量持续下降。巴西的农作物生长仍然保持健康状态,而阿根廷农作物生长将收到干旱天气影响而减缓。有迹象表明,持续干旱天气可能在2023年1月晚些时候和2月开始发生变化,这将使阿根廷和巴西南部的天气状况恢复湿润。


12. 乌克兰货船在伊斯坦布尔附近搁浅

周一,从乌克兰飞驶往耳其的MKK 1号货轮在靠近博斯普鲁斯海峡亚洲一侧的海岸线搁浅,这艘货轮装载着13000吨豌豆,致使该海峡的交通暂停了几个小时。海岸警卫队表示,几艘拖船被派往为该船提供协助。该公司表示,没有损坏或泄漏的报告。


13. 西方制裁下,俄罗斯如何解决非洲的粮食困境

尽管3.5亿非洲人饱受粮食不安全之苦,但西方国家仍在继续加大对俄罗斯在乌克兰的特别军事行动的制裁力度,扰乱既定供应链,引发能源和粮食危机。更糟糕的是,北约国家正在人为地延长危机。


14. 马来西亚、印尼与欧盟在棕榈油问题上起争端

全球最大的棕榈油生产国马来西亚和印度尼西亚决定联合起来应对欧盟一项影响到棕榈油出口的涉森林砍伐最新法案。欧盟此前宣布,计划限制进口在生产过程中涉及森林砍伐的棕榈油产品。马来西亚正在积极与印度尼西亚讨论全面停止向欧盟出口棕榈油的可行性。

Weekly News of Global Agriculture

1. Governments of Canada and Saskatchewan Invest $17.6 Million in Crop Research

On Jan 11, Canada's Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food and Saskatchewan Agriculture Minister announced total funding of $17.6 million today for crop-related research in 2023.Examples of the individual research projects being funded include exploring the diversity of Fusarium root to species infecting pulse crops, a nutritionally balanced pulse-oilseed protein-based beverage and etc.


2. The Argentine government launched a total investment of US $350 billion to support poultry and pig producers

On January 12, Argentina announced an intensive production plan for poultry and pigs, the initiative compensates each ton of feed purchased for fattening animals from November 28 to December 30 with US $30000.The purpose is to make up for the price difference faced by producers and producers when purchasing beans or their by-products or food during the second window of the export growth program.


3. Ukraine to consider Nigeria’s proposal to build logistics hub for grain and food deliveries

On January 12, during a visit to Africa by the Ukrainian Agrarian Policy and Food Ministry, after meeting with Nigeria’s Foreign Affairs Minister and Agriculture and Rural Development Minister, Ukraine said that it would consider a proposal from the Federal Republic of Nigeria to build a logistics hub intended for grain and food product deliveries.


4. India Govt to discontinue import of crude soybean oil under tariff rate quotafrom April 1

On Jan 11, the India government said that it has decided to discontinue import of crude soybean oil under tariff rate quota (TRQ) from April 1 this year.The directorate general of foreign trade (DGFT) said no allocation of TRQs for import of crude soybean oil shall be made for 2023-24. The duty-free import of 20 lakh MT per year was earlier applicable for crude soybean oil, now it is applicable only for crude sunflower seed oil.


5. 'No compromise' from US on Mexico biotech corn ban

On Jan 13, delegates at the American Farm Bureau Federation’s 104th Convention added policy calling for USDA to continue working with the Mexican government to drop a proposed ban on imports of corn grown with biotech and certain herbicides.It is reported that Mexico is a major importer of U.S. corn that is 90% is biotech.

6. The MYB transcription factor Seed Shattering 11 controls seed shattering by repressing lignin synthesis in African rice

Chinese researchers reported the map-based cloning and characterization of OgSH11, a MYB transcription factor controlling seed shattering in O. glaberrima. Identification of SH11 not only supplies a new target for seed shattering improvement in African cultivated rice, but also provides new insights into the molecular mechanism of abscission layer development.


7. SEMI-ROLLED LEAF 10 stabilizes catalase isozyme B to regulate leaf morphology and thermotolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Chinese researchers reported that SRL10, which encodes a double-stranded RNA binding protein, regulates leaf morphology and thermotolerance in rice through alteration of microRNA biogenesis. The results reveal a new locus of interest and define a novel SRL10-CATB based regulatory mechanism for developing cultivars with high temperature tolerance and stable yield.


8. Artificial nanovesicles for dsRNA delivery in spray induced gene silencing for crop protection

American researchers described the use of artificial nanovesicles (AVs) for dsRNA encapsulation and control against the fungal pathogen, Botrytis cinerea. The results of this work demonstrate how AVs can be used as a new nanocarrier to overcome dsRNA instability in SIGS for crop protection.


9. Isolation of a Novel QTL, qSCM4, Associated with Strong Culm Affects Lodging Resistance and Panicle Branch Number in Rice

Chinese researchers identified a major quantitative trait locus (QTL), qSCM4. The results will give us a valuable genetic resource for concurrently boosting culm strength and lodging resistance, and they will also provide a basis for further research on the lodging resistance mechanism of rice.


10. CHINA ASKS SLAUGHTER HOUSES TO HELP STABILIZE HOG PRICES

China's top planning body has asked slaughter firms to increase commercial stocks of pigs to help revive market demand and drive up sluggish hog prices. The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) also said it would take timely measures, such as increasing meat reserves, if needed to promote hog market stability.


11. WEATHER CHANGES MAY BE TOO LATE TO SALVAGE ARGENTINA GROWING SEASON

No surprises in the weather for South America in the second full week of January 2023, as dryness continued for Argentina and southern Brazil. Farther north, beneficial precipitation fell, which has been the case most of this growing season. Crop estimates for Brazil remain healthy while estimates for Argentina continue to be reduced. However, there are signs that the weather pattern could start to change later in January and into February 2023, which would bring wetter conditions back to Argentina and southern Brazil.


12. TRAFFIC RESUMES AFTER UKRAINE CARGO SHIP GROUNDED NEAR ISTANBUL

The cargo ship MKK 1, travelling from Ukraine to Turkey, was grounded in Istanbul's Bosphorus Strait on Monday and traffic in the strait was suspended for a few hours, shipping agents Tribeca said.Several tugs were among vessels sent to provide assistance to the ship, the coastguard authority said. It said no damage or spill was reported.


13. How Russia is Solving Africa’s Food Dilemma Despite Western Sanctions

While 350 million Africans are suffering from food insecurity, the collective West is continuing to ramp up sanctions over Russia’s special military operation in Ukraine, disrupting established supply chains and facilitating an energy and food crisis. What’s worse, NATO countries are artificially prolonging the crisis, Africa experts told Sputnik.


14. Malaysia, Indonesia and the EU dispute over palm oil

Malaysia and Indonesia, the world's largest palm oil producers, have decided to jointly deal with the latest EU act on deforestation affecting palm oil exports. The European Union previously announced that it planned to restrict the import of palm oil products involved in deforestation in the production process. Malaysia is actively discussing with Indonesia the feasibility of completely stopping the export of palm oil to the EU.

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