1. USDA Invests $9.5M to Develop New Bioproducts from Agricultural Commodities
On Dec 20, the U.S. Department of Agriculture announced an investment of $9.5 million to support the scale-up of sustainable bioproduct manufacturing in the United States. Three successful projects are funded through USDA’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture’s (NIFA) Bioproduct Pilot Program, which funds research and development of value-added products from agricultural commodities, agricultural resources are harvested, consumed, and regenerated in a sustainable manner.
2. Canadian dairy farmers will receive $468 million in the fourth round of compensation
On December 20, the Canadian Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food announced that, in order to offset the impact of the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), dairy farmers would receive the fourth compensation under the direct payment plan for dairy products according to their milk quotas. For example, the owner of an 80 head dairy farm will receive $38,000 in direct payment compensation. The compensation for this fourth round of payments totals up to $468 million.
3. Amendment of the GermanVeterinary Medicines Act enters into force on 01.01.2023
According to BMEL, the German Federal Council approved the bill amending the Veterinary Medicines Act to permanently reduce the use of antibiotics in agricultural holdings. The key points covered by the amendment include the 50%reduction target for antibiotics, and the applicable animals will also include dairy cows, calves, hens, suckling sows etc.
4. The Danish Parliament has adopted a decisive legislative proposal about Danish agriculture
On December 22, the Danish Parliament passed a bill aimed at promoting the green transformation of Danish agricultural agricultural, and at the same time ensuring that Danish farmers comply with the EU rules from January 1, 2023 to ensure the support of EU agricultural subsidies. The bill determines that by 2030, Danish agriculture will reduce the 75-65% greenhouse gas emissions, with a view to continuing to be the leading country of green agriculture in Europe.
5. India revises gas procurement rules for fertiliser firms to cut costs
On December 22, according to Reuters, India has revised the gas procurement policy for fertiliser companies, allowing them to buy about a fifth of their monthly needs through the domestic spot market to help the government cut its subsidy bill, insulate farmers from high prices and contain inflation. It is reported that India imports up to 40% of the 50 million tonnes of fertilizer it needs annually.
6. Temperature-Dependent Nanogel for Pesticide Smart Delivery with Improved Foliar Dispersion and Bioactivity for Efficient Control of Multiple Pests
Chinese researchers successfully constructed a series of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM)-based nanogels with high deformability and tunable structure for smart pesticide delivery and effective pest control. This research provides an insight into creating an efficient and environmentally friendly pesticide nanoformulation for sustainable agriculture production.
7. Natural variations of OsAUX5, a target gene of OsWRKY78, control the contents of neutral essential amino acids in rice grains
Chinese researchers report the identification of a previously unrecognized auxin influx carrier subfamily gene, OsAUX5, which encodes an amino acid transporter that functions in the uptake of multiple amino acids. This study uncovers a WRKY78–OsAUX5-based regulatory mechanism controlling grain EAAs accumulation and provides a potential target for designing EAAs-rich rice.
8. High temperature increases centromere-mediated genome elimination frequency and enhances haploid induction in Arabidopsis
German researchers identified Kinetochore Null2 (KNL2) can be used as a haploid inducer. Short temperature stress of the knl2 mutant increased the efficiency of haploid induction. This study identified KNL2 as a new target gene for the generation of haploid inducer lines and showed that exposure of mutants of centromeric proteins to high temperature strongly increases their haploid induction efficiency.
9. Large-scale genomic and transcriptomic profiles of rice hybrids reveal a core mechanism underlying heterosis
Chinese researchers find that nonadditive QTLs are the main genetic contributors to heterosis. Further simulations and experimental analysis support a novel mechanism, homo-insufficiency under insufficient background (HoIIB). This model can explain most known hypotheses and phenomena about heterosis, and thus provides a novel theory for hybrid rice breeding in future.
10. Insect rearing on biowaste represents a competitive advantage for fish farming
Czech researchers conducted a review to identify the key aspects of insect incorporation into established intensively-fed-aquaculture (IFA) practices and put them into a commercial context. Larvae of Black soldier fly is identified as the most versatile. Bringing the IFA into compliance with the principles of the circular economy increases its competitiveness by reducing production costs and improving public opinion.
11. LIVESTOCK-CME LIVE CATTLE FUTURES CLIMB; NOVEMBER CATTLE PLACEMENTS DROP
The USDA reported feedlot placements in November fell 2% from a year ago. Analysts predicted a 4.2% drop in a Reuters poll of analysts."That wasn't as bullish as the trade wanted to see, so we may have a small step down on Tuesday off the open," said Rich Nelson, chief strategist at Allendale Inc. "We now have three months in a row of lower placements and are now developing a story of much tighter supply in Q2 and Q3."
12. SENATE CONFIRMS U.S. AG NEGOTIATOR AND USDA FOOD SAFETY CHIEF
In some of its final actions of the year, the Senate approved by voice vote on Thursday the nominations of Doug McKalip as chief agricultural negotiator at the U.S. trade representative’s office and Jose Esteban as Agriculture undersecretary for food safety. Senate Agriculture chair Debbie Stabenow said confirmation of the nominees, who waited three months for a floor vote, was long overdue.